What You Need to Know About RT’s Pending Foreign Agent Registration

A law dating back to the 1930s could send U.S.-Russia relations spiraling

Nov 10, 2017 — Update: Nov. 10 2017 — 13:44
By Evan Gershkovich


Photo: Zurab Javakhadze / TASS

An obscure U.S. law, meant to guard against foreign propaganda, has been the driving force behind escalating U.S.-Russia tensions in recent weeks. Designed nearly a century ago, it could now force the Kremlin's RT news outlet to register as a "foreign agent" — and push the precipitous U.S.-Russia relations over the edge.

The law is the 1938 Foreign Agent Registration Act (FARA), which has come into the spotlight as a result of the ongoing U.S. investigations into Russia's alleged 2016 presidential election meddling.

Since the launch of the investigations, FARA has been applied to two of US. President Donald Trump's campaign officials, Paul Manafort and Rick Gates, who were accused of failing to register as foreign agents.

MORE: themoscowtimes.com/authors/2094

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Dan Kovalik: How the CIA conspires to vilify Russia

KPFA and the Pacifica public radio stations have had some fascinating programs regarding Russia lately. I like them because we hear from professors, researchers, and activists — people we can trust. The contrast with the corporate media is astonishing… to say the least.

I've learned to hate the Russians
All through my whole life
If another war comes
It's them we must fight
To hate them and fear them
To run and to hide — Bob Dylan

See for example: kpfa.org/episode/hard-knock-radio-september-13-2017/

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Dems crippling Trump’s plans to cooperate with Russia out of own ambitions – Stephen Cohen

Sophie Shevardnadze interviews Dr. Stephen Cohen, professor emeritus at the Princeton University, and the Nation magazine contributing editor,.

Published time: 19 May, 2017 

The presidency of Donald Trump is off to a rough start. It seems the president’s every move breeds scandal, and mainstream media outlets are unrelenting in their attacks. At the center of the anti-Trump narrative is Russia, with Trump accused of working with Moscow to steal the US election and blamed for leaking state secrets to Russian officials. With an ongoing investigation into the barrage of allegations, calls are growing louder for the president’s impeachment. How will these scandals affect Trump’s presidency? And is the White House even capable of operating in this atmosphere of media hysteria? We ask contributing editor of the Nation magazine, professor emeritus at Princeton University – Stephen Cohen.

Follow @SophieCo_RT

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Bibliography: The Cold War (page 39 of 39)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the Russia is NOT the Enemy website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Badi G. Foster, Dean Kruckeberg, John G. Burke, Theodor Sander, Francis N. Wete, New York Association of American Publishers, John H. Stanfield, John B. B. Trussell, and Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication. (1991). Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (74th, Boston, Massachusetts, August 7-10, 1991). Part VII: Journalism and Media History, Section A. Section A of the Journalism and Media History section of the proceedings contains the following 16 papers: "Covering the 'World's Most Famous' Trial: An Examination of the Choices Made by Georgia Reporters" (Gregory C. Lisby and Linda L. Harris); "Market Segmentation and Political Capital as Supports for Newspaper Partisanship: The Partisan Press in Detroit, 1865-1900" (Richard L. Kaplan); "Mary Marvin Breckenridge Patterson: Case Study of One of 'Murrow's Boys'" (Maurine H. Beasley); "Two Religious Magazines Report on South's First Public School Desegregation" (June N. Adamson); "The Roots of the Trade Press: The American Railroad Journal and the Professionalization of an Industry, 1832 to 1840" (Kathleen L. Endres); "Eugene V. Smalley and the 'Northwest Magazine': A 'Shill' for the Northern Pacific's Land Department or a Force for Community Building in the Northwest?" (Myron K. Jordan); "Catholics, the Catholic Press, and Communism: From Recognition to Cold War" (Gregory D. Black); "The Life Cycle of National Geographic Magazine" (Meredith Ogburn); "An Institution of the Historical Public Sphere: 'The Independent' in the Progressive Era" (James Boylan); "Reflections on Realities and Possibilities: Womens's Lives in New Republic Periodicals" (Karen K. List); "An Analysis of the Failure of 'Flair' Magazine" (Patricia Prijatel and Marcia Prior-Miller); "Child Care for Rosie the Riveter and the United Nations: Images of Innovation and Visions for the Future in Popular Magazines 1941-1949" (Rose M. Kundanis); "Worcester Magazine: A Scrappy Fighter" (Elinor Kelley Grusin and Dru Riley Evarts); "Edes' Boston Gazette and the Bill of Rights: Trumpeter of Sedition Ends on a Quieter Note" (Dru Riley Evarts and Elinor Grusin); "'This Paper is Owned by Many Thousands of Workingmen and Women': Contradictions of a Socialist Daily" (Jon Bekken); and "The Role of the 'Nonpartisan Leader' Newspaper during the Nonpartisan League Organization Years, 1915-1916" (John Anderson). Descriptors: Higher Education, Journalism History, Mass Media Role, Mass Media Use

Foster, Badi G. (1986). Higher Education and Corporate Education: From Cold War to Detente to Active Collaboration, Community Services Catalyst. Provides an overview of the relations between higher education and business and industry, focusing on the development of corporate training/education programs and recent improvements in higher education-corporate education relations. Offers a case study of a collaborative arrangement between the AEtna Institute for Corporate Education and the University of Hartford. Descriptors: College Role, Cooperative Programs, Educational Trends, Higher Education

Trussell, John B. B., Jr. (1986). The Valley Forge Encampment: Epic on the Schuylkill. Valley Forge, outside Philadelphia (Pennsylvania), has long been recognized as the site of a great victory of the human spirit. Eleven thousand men including Blacks and Indians resided there during the winter of 1777-78 and triumphed over cold, starvation, nakedness, disease, and uncertainty. The encampment site was unprepared for the tattered, hungry army, and soldiers had to build their own huts to shelter them from the cold and snow. During the long, bitter winter, the lack of food, clothing and proper sanitation led to epidemics of pneumonia, dysentery, typhoid, and typhus, and an estimated 3,000 men died. Officers, including General George Washington, fared little better. Discipline was a constant problem as desertions escalated, and the punishment for pillaging and theft was whipping. While at Valley Forge, Washington oversaw the training of his soldiers in proper military tactics by Friedrich von Steuben. Amusements among the soldiers, especially after spring arrived, included cricket and an early form of baseball, and the officers enjoyed dancing lessons and dining with Washington as social activities. Washington's personal influence during the long and agonizing ordeal was in many respects a key factor in the army's endurance.   [More]  Descriptors: Athletics, Clothing, Discipline Problems, Diseases

Burke, John G.; And Others (1979). Article Booklet for the Eleventh Course by Newspaper Connections: Technology and Change. Controversies involving science, technology, and society are explored in 15 articles written by historians, social scientists, management consultants, engineers, and experts in the history of science. Technological development in an historical context is the central theme of the booklet. Major issues discussed include effects, preconditions, and sources of technological change. The collection of articles is part of a series developed to present college level course material to the general public through cooperation of newspapers, public television, and 300 participating colleges and universities. Titles of the articles are: "Technology on Trial," by John G. Burke; "Silent Revolutions," by Peter F. Drucker; "How Terribly Technical," by Derek de Solla Price; "Occupational Destinies," by Joseph C. Gies; "Culture: The Link Between Nature and Technology," by Clarence J. Glacken; "The Influence of Societal Values," by Edwin T. Layton, Jr.; "Technology, Population, and Resources," by Kingsley Davis; "Incentives for Innovation: Technology and the Economy," by Nathan Rosenberg; "Science and Technology," by Robert P. Multhauf; "The Imperatives of Engineering," by Eugene S. Ferguson; "Wars: Hot and Cold," by Herbert F. York and G. Allen Greb; "The Government's Role in Technological Change," by A. Hunter Dupree; "The Mystery of Inventiveness," by Lynn White, Jr.; "Technology and the Seamless Web: Ethical Dilemmas," by Bertram Morris; and "Assessing and Directing Technology," by Melvin Kranzberg. Background information on the authors is presented following each article.   [More]  Descriptors: Adult Education, Change Agents, Controversial Issues (Course Content), Developed Nations

Kruckeberg, Dean (1995). Integrating Multicultural/International Experiences into the Public Relations Curriculum. Predictions for a "third wave" in which power and productivity will be based on developing and distributing information should interest public relations practitioners and educators since public relations will be a critically needed professional specialization. A future of communication technology barely fathomable today, together with a resultant need for multicultural/international understanding among diverse peoples who will readily exploit this ability to communicate with each other, is envisioned. A public relations practitioner must be a highly educated human being, with a strong sense of history and current events, who is taught to think and to solve problems in a certain way. Furthermore tomorrow, the practitioner increasingly will need to be culturally astute and cosmopolitan and particularly sensitive to the multicultural and international nuances of the organization's publics. The practitioner's role will change fundamentally as institutions and society change. Consideration of Cold War dichotomies, such as capitalism vs. communism or democracy vs. totalitarianism, will become old-fashioned or irrelevant for those practitioners called upon to defend and ultimately examine base ideological assumptions of their organizations and their very societies. For future practice, public relations scholars and practitioners will need to consider, not only theories of communication, but also theories of society that satisfactorily transcend more narrow political ideologies. Students need to become professionals who can examine, maintain and modify as necessary the traditional organizational and societal values and belief systems in an age in which those values, beliefs, and ideologies will be continually challenged. (Contains nine notes.)   [More]  Descriptors: Futures (of Society), Global Approach, Higher Education, Multicultural Education

Sander, Theodor (1997). Cold War and the Politics of Comparative Education: The Case of Divided Germany. This paper deals with the political role and the political self-definition of researchers in the field of comparative education in East and West Germany in the post World War II period. The study addresses some of the general assumptions made about comparative education bridging the gap between cultures but asserts that none of these assumptions is supported by the available evidence in divided Germany. Comparative education became a tool of the political parties to foster nationalism or chauvinism, militarism, expansionism for awhile, and had generally accepted warfare as the basic mode of existence. Comparative education in East and West Germany systematically built up a theoretical framework for producing disinformation and propaganda, each side stressing the uniqueness and superiority of its own system and each claiming the enemy to be highly successful only in manipulating and indoctrinating the youth of its country. Contains 66 references.   [More]  Descriptors: Comparative Education, Cultural Awareness, Educational Research, Foreign Countries

Association of American Publishers, New York, NY. (1981). US/USSR Textbook Study Project, Interim Report. This interim report, intended to help textbook authors and publishers, describes the results of a project in which American schools critiqued Soviet textbooks and Soviet scholars critiqued American textbooks. Secondary level history and geography texts were the focus of the study. There are five chapters to the report: Background to the Study; American Criticisms of Soviet Textbooks; Soviet Criticisms of American Textbooks; Recommendations for the Revision of American and Soviet Textbooks; and Conclusions and Recommendations. The report's conclusions state that there are a few ways in which books in the two nations can be judged similarly deficient. Both American and Soviet textbooks tend to: glorify the accomplishments of their own nation and to denigrate the contributions of others; feature the least attractive aspects of life in the other nation; emphasize political affairs and devote scant attention to social and cultural life in the other country; and to be written from a Cold War perspective. Recommendations made include the following. When treating a topic involving a dispute between the United States and the USSR, authors should include information about how the issue is interpreted in the other country. Authors should strive to use the most accurate up-to-date information. When discusssing disputes that have arisen over violations of treaties and other agreements, textbook authors should provide the texts of the relevant portions of agreements in the texts so that students can judge for themselves the extent of violations that have occurred. Emotional and pejorative language should be avoided. Respect for the national traditions and customs of the other country should be encouraged.   [More]  Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Foreign Countries, Geography Instruction

Wete, Francis N. (1984). The U. S., Its Press, and the New World Information Order. Freedom of Information Center Report No. 488. Criticisms of the one-way flow of international information were first voiced in the 1940s, when, in the name of free flow of information and worldwide access to news, the United States launched an offensive to dismantle European news cartels. At a UNESCO conference in 1945, the United States was chiefly responsible for making the free flow of information a UNESCO objective; it has remained one ever since. The first UNESCO reference to a change in western control of information was made in 1969 following an influx of developing nations into the organization, when resentments bred by information flow imbalances spawned a series of proposals to correct them. It is observed that western discussion of this new world information order has generally been couched in Cold War rhetoric, including charges that the proposals are Soviet inspired and supported. U. S. news agencies and journalistic organizations have led this opposition, pressuring the U. S. government to air its views to UNESCO. Although Third World arguments today resemble those used to indict the European cartels in the 1940s, the U. S. media neither treat the debate objectively nor acknowledge criticism of their position. It is normal for the U. S. media and government to be reluctant to support a course that, though just, seems to counter their economic and political interests. But if America is to maintain and expand its trade and political influence in developing countries, it has to be more sensitive to their problems than it has been in the New World Information Order debate. Descriptors: Censorship, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Federal Government

Stanfield, John H., II (1992). Ethnic Pluralism and Civic Responsibility in Post-Cold War America, Journal of Negro Education. Traces the history of Euro-American resistance to the realities of an ethnically plural society. Reforms to teacher education and public education are needed to respond to requirements of a nation of increasing pluralism. Cultural scholarship and the active political participation of people of color are essential. Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Citizenship Responsibility, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Awareness

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Bibliography: The Cold War (page 38 of 39)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the Russia is NOT the Enemy website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Robert Stein, Thomas Ladenburg, Frederick D. Drake, William C. Ritz, Sandra Okura, Jane G. Cashell, Duane H. Roen, Stanley Chodorow, Joel Greenberg, and Richard Ohmann.

Greenberg, Joel (1983). Science's New Cold War, Science News. United States scientists are being pressured by the government to cut back on scientific exchanges with the Soviet Union for both "natural security" and political reasons. Various aspects of the issue are discussed, suggesting that science itself will be the big loser in the government's shift of attitude toward science communication. Descriptors: College Science, Communication (Thought Transfer), Government Role, Higher Education

Weiss, Alan Z. (1988). A Survey of Teacher Attitudes of the German Democratic Republic to War and Peace and Their Perceptions and Misperceptions of Canadian Students. Forty teachers attending a summer institute in East Germany in August of 1987 were given a questionnaire concerning their attitudes towards the German Democratic Republic and their opinions, perceptions, and misperceptions of Canadian students. The questionnaire was applied in Zwickau, East Germany at a small pedagogical college. Teachers were asked to respond twice: the first time as they would imagine a typical 17-to-18-year-old Canadian student would respond, and, second, according to their own opinions. In a written response section they were asked to give their opinions on two items: (1) personal and/or state violence, and (2) facts and/or opinions held on Canada and Canadian students. Findings showed that the teachers have a positive evaluation of themselves with regard to their attitudes toward war and peace, and they strongly agree that the Soviet Union has more positive proposals for peace than does the West. The teachers also hold positive ideas about Canada and the study showed that peace research can be useful in breaking down stereotypes. However, they also believe Canadian students are more imbued with Cold War ideology, support government policy, and oppose the demands and ideas of the Canadian peace movement. Sixty percent also believe Canadian students seldom or never talk about peace. Selected questionnaires and results from the questionnaire are appended. Descriptors: Capitalism, Educational Research, Foreign Countries, Foreign Policy

Robinson, John P.; Holm, John D. (1977). The Public Looks at Foreign Policy: A Report from Five Cities. The document examines the American public stand on foreign policy and explores the extent of citizen support for six basic foreign policy orientations–anti-Communism, internationalism, democracy, isolationism, interventionism, and self-interest. The extent of public support within these orientations among subgroups in the populace is also explored to see if age, education, and geographic location affect orientations. Major purposes are (1) to show how far the topics being debated among foreign policy experts have filtered into public consciousness, and (2) to provide insight into the limits of public opinion within which attempts to redefine national objectives can be maneuvered. A cross section of 300 citizens in each of 5 cities–Pittsburgh, San Francisco, Portland, Minneapolis, and Milwaukee–were interviewed by telephone. Findings show that the public still supports an activist posture toward the rest of the world, i.e., trade with the Soviet Union, aid to Third World countries, and secret spying on other countries but stopping short of covert intervention in internal affairs of other countries. People under age 25 are far less cold-war-oriented in their views of the world than older people. Local "elites" in terms of educational attainment and occupational position differ widely from the rest of the public, being much less concerned about the threat of communism and far more supportive of an expanded world economy. Appendices contain questions and responses by city, tables showing differences in foreign policy attitudes by background factors, and perceptual maps of the world. Descriptors: Communism, Developing Nations, Foreign Policy, Patriotism

Roen, Duane H.; Haseltine, Patricia (1985). Revising Expository Prose from the Perspective of Text Linguists: A Second Analysis and Assessment. A study investigating the effects of "text linguists'" revisions on the comprehensibility of expository prose had as subjects 92 high school juniors who read original and revised versions of two passages from a high school history textbook. The revisions included changes regarding the given-new contract, schemata, reference, lexical cohesion, and cohesive conjunctions. The dependent measure consisted of the number of propositions included in the subjects' written free recall samples. Results indicated significant main effects for both topic (Cold War and Vietnam War) and version (original and revision), with subjects recalling the revised version and the Vietnam passages best. There was also a significant topic by version interaction, with the percentage of total propositions recalled greatest for the revised Vietnam passages. The results suggest that whole-discourse revisions should receive greater empirical and theoretical attention.   [More]  Descriptors: Cohesion (Written Composition), Conjunctions, Connected Discourse, Expository Writing

England, J. Merton (1982). A Patron for Pure Science. The National Science Foundation's Formative Years, 1945-57. NSF 82-24. Provided in this book is a legislative and administrative history of the National Science Foundation (NSF) during its formative years (1945-57). The 15 chapter book is organized into three parts. Part 1 ("The Long Debate, 1945-50") narrates the legislative history of the Foundation's creation. Part 2 ("Beginning, 1950-54") discusses the appointment of NSF's first board, director, and staff; their early decisions on research and fellowship programs and means of administering them; and conflict over the agency's policy responsibility, culminating with the issuance of Executive Order 10521 in which NSF's duties and role in policy development and evaluation were defined. Part 3 ("Cold War Growth, 1954-57"), beginning approximately with the executive order and ending, again approximately, with the orbiting of the first Soviet Sputnik in October 1957, discusses NSF's expanding educational and research programs, including ventures into international cooperation, and the continuing effort to determine the Foundation's role in the making of national science policy. The text of Executive Order 10521 concerning government scientific research, excerpts from an interview with William E. Benson (June 12, 1975) on peer review in the earth science program, and NSF organizational structure (1950-57) are included in appendixes. Technical notes, glossary, and subject index are also included.   [More]  Descriptors: College Science, Federal Aid, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs

Drake, Frederick D. (1983). Radical Revisionism and Cold War Interpretations: Decisions for Secondary History Teachers. The reinterpretation of past events has been a natural phenomenon of twentieth century historiography. Historical revisionism–the reshaping by contemporary scholars of traditional views of the past–has been an inevitable and necessary trait of the profession and has contributed to the growth of humankind's perception of previous generations. During the 1960s and 1970s, New Left or radical social criticism became dominant in the teaching of public issues. Radical revisionists, writing during the period of the Vietnam War, remade the past with powerful, thought-provoking themes and interpretations especially relative to Cold War origins. This overview for history teachers, especially those at the secondary level, reviews the legacy of New Left historians relative to their impact on trends in diplomatic history and the historical profession itself. Descriptors: Diplomatic History, Foreign Countries, Foreign Policy, Historiography

Blackman, Sandra; Chodorow, Stanley; Ohmann, Richard; Okura, Sandra; Purrington, Sandra Sanchez; Stein, Robert (1994). Perspectives on the Humanities and School-Based Curriculum Development. ACLS Occasional Paper No. 24. This paper records three plenary sessions held at the American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) National Education Conference, August 27-29, 1993. The conference built on what was learned in the first year of the project and reported in ACLS Occasional Paper 20. Sessions allowed participants to talk with colleagues who had been project participants in the previous year. The three sessions included: (1) "Humanities and the Public Schools: Perspectives from Inside the ACLS Project" (Richard Ohmann) which focused on the role of humanities, of education in general, in a post-Cold War world; (2) "Panel Discussion on School-Based Curriculum Development" (Sandra Blackman; Sandra Okura; Sandra Sanches Purrington; Robert Stein) which discusses the process of curriculum development in the schools ; and (3) "Transformations in the Humanities" (Stanley Chodorow) which examined the contemporary condition of the humanities and the changes in both the methods of study and the objects of study that have occurred over the past few decades.   [More]  Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Humanities

McKinnon, Mike (1992). Common Ground: Practical Ideas To Promote Interdisciplinary Cooperation between Social Studies and Second Language Instructors. This document promotes teaching about foreign cultures through the combined efforts of school social studies and foreign language departments. Using the example of Germany and the German language, the document shows how instructors can take an interdisciplinary approach that broadens student exposure to, and thereby learning of, second cultures. Through 12 lessons, students learn the details of life in Germany while simultaneously learning to speak German more fluently. Lessons follow proven classroom instructional strategies that work to teach students about unfolding events in a newly reunited Germany in a new post-Cold War Europe. Each lesson can stand alone; in combination, the lessons offer a menu of choices that touch the multifaceted issues and events that mark a continent in ferment.   [More]  Descriptors: Curriculum Design, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, German

Korey, William (1983). Human Rights and the Helsinki Accord: Focus on U.S. Policy. Headline Series No. 264. This booklet traces the development of the 1973 Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) in Helsinki. The conference came to symbolize detente in Europe and was comprised of 33 countries in Europe, as well as the United States and Canada. It was hoped the new structure to emerge would promote a greater sense of security by mitigating cold-war tensions and reduce, or remove, all barriers between the East and West. The book offers an assessment of foreign policy in the intervening decade since the conference. Chapters include: (1) "From Yalta to Helsinki"; (2) "The Meaning of Helsinki"; (3) "The Changing Posture of the United States"; (4) "Confrontation at Belgrade"; (5) "Madrid: Security vs. Human Rights"; and (6) "The Value of the Helsinki Process." Monographs in FPA's Headline Series are published approximately four times a year and are intended as a resource for teachers and students in the foreign policy area. Each monograph: is about a world area or topic; is written by a noted scholar; is brief (usually 64 pages); is written to be highly readable; includes basic background, maps, charts, discussion guides, and suggested reading. Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Diplomatic History, Foreign Countries, Foreign Policy

Zinkievich, Noel; Beard, David (1970). Twentieth Century United States History. Grades 11 and 12. This course outline for grades 11 and 12 presents a topical approach to history instruction with emphasis on the post-World War II era. A statement of general objectives is given and these 22 relevant topics are suggested for study: 1) Radicalism in America, 2) Antiwar Movements, 3) Civil Liberties, 4) Politics of Religion, 5) Black Nationalism, 6) Race Relations, 7) Labor Movement, 8) Politics-Elections and Issues, 9) Changing Economic Patterns, 10) Viet Nam, 11) Minority Groups in America, 12) Cold War Politics, 13) Institutional Changes in American Society, 14) Foreign Policy, 15) United Nations, 16) Problems of Control an Institutionalized Society, 17) Consumer Protection, 18) Identity in America, 19) Manners and Morals, 20) Philosophical Trends, 21) Political Ideologies, 22) Urban Problems. A brief explanation of the concepts and understandings related to each topic is given and significant areas for emphasis are noted. Bibliographies are included by topic and some audiovisual aids listed. A HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES SINCE 1945 by O. Barck, Jr. and OUR RECENT PAST by W. Bonner are two basic texts. Some further recommendations of the writing committee are that: 1) team-teaching techniques be utilized; 2) the course be evaluated after the first year of instruction; and, 3) TV tapes be edited and a brochure of tapes be made available as a resource for teachers.   [More]  Descriptors: Citizenship, Critical Thinking, Current Events, Curriculum Guides

Fieldhouse, Roger (1984). Cold War and Colonial Conflicts in British West African Adult Education, 1947-1953, History of Education Quarterly. Adult education was introduced by the British into West Africa after World War II. However, the Oxford intellectuals put in charge of the adult education program offered an African-centered education that frequently offered more support to the progressive views of the African independence movements than to the colonialists' conservative policies. Descriptors: Adult Education, Colonialism, Communism, Comparative Education

Blumberg, Arthur (1974). Supervisors and Teachers. A Private Cold War. This book focuses on the human side of relationships between supervisors and teachers to understand their interactions better. Chapter 1 presents an overview of the book and chapters 2-4 frame the interactive problems that confront supervision and highlight the conflict between the overall goals of supervision and what seems to occur. Chapters 5-8 deal with studies of supervisory behavioral styles and of factors that supervisors and teachers see as affecting their productivity. Chapter 9 discusses a behavioral category system for analyzing supervisor-teacher transactions and chapter 10 presents the results of a broad study that used the category system discussed in the preceding chapter. Chapter 11 proposes a data base for supervision that is concerned with interpersonal needs and behavioral data on the supervisor, teacher, and students. Chapters 12 and 13 deal with working with tenured teachers and the conflict between the helping and the evaluating roles of the supervisor. Chapter 14 raises the question of the efficacy of peer supervision. Chapter 15 presents a reconceptualization of supervisory relationships. The author concludes that the process should become one of people giving to one another instead of the supervisor's giving and the teacher's receiving. A 4-page bibliography is included. Descriptors: Administrator Role, Behavior, Interaction, Interpersonal Relationship

Ladenburg, Thomas; Tegnell, Geoffrey (1990). From Hot to Cold War. SSEC American History Series. This unit for U.S. history classes provides students with the chance to learn about the historical roots of U.S. policy toward the Soviet Union in a lively, informative manner and from a variety of different perspectives. The unit enables students to use their own judgement in selecting, evaluating, and reflecting on the significance of U.S. policies toward the Soviet Union from the 1940s through 1990. The question is posed: under what circumstances should the United States become directly involved in European affairs? The unit begins by asking this question when the preponderance of power in post World War I Europe swung from the victorious Western democracies to dangerous dictatorships that arose in the 1920s and 30s to threaten the world's peace and security. The same question is broached in the context of the Munich Agreement and British requests for arms. Students learn about the major strategic campaigns of the United States and its allies during World War II in Europe, and are given the opportunity to simulate the negotiation of the Yalta Agreement. They use their understanding of those decisions to support traditionalist, revisionist, or conservative schools of thought on Yalta and the break up of the Grand Alliance. The unit next examines how the United States responded politically, socially, and militarily to Japanese actions in World War II. The unit includes information on post World War II Europe and how the balance of power was stabilized by 1950. The unit concludes by attempting to foresee the balance of power in the future. Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Foreign Countries, Foreign Policy, Historiography

Ritz, William C.; Cashell, Jane G. (1980). "Cold War" Between Supervisors and Teachers?, Educational Leadership. Teachers' ratings of the effectiveness of supervisors are strongly influenced by supervisors' interpersonal skills, according to a study of 143 science supervisors and 258 teachers. Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Interpersonal Competence, Interpersonal Relationship, Supervisor Qualifications

McConnell, Sheila; And Others (1996). Computers and Employment, Monthly Labor Review. Includes "Role of Computers in Reshaping the Work Force" (McConnell); "Semiconductors" (Moris); "Computer Manufacturing" (Warnke); "Commercial Banking Transformed by Computer Technology" (Morisi); "Software, Engineering Industries: Threatened by Technological Change?" (Goodman); "Job Creation and the Emerging Home Computer Market" (Freeman); and "Employment in High-Tech Defense Industries in a Post Cold War Era" (Hetrick). Descriptors: Banking, Computers, Employment Patterns, Job Development

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Bibliography: The Cold War (page 37 of 39)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the Russia is NOT the Enemy website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include John F. Cragan, J. R. Minnis, Peter P. Grimmett, Mary Lhowe, Annabelle Sreberny-Mohammadi, Las Vegas. Coll. of Education. Nevada Univ, Providence Brown Univ, Donald C. Shields, Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, and Bikas C. Sanyal.

Brown Univ., Providence, RI. Thomas J. Watson, Jr. Inst. for International Studies. (2000). Russia's Uncertain Transition: Challenges for U.S. Policy. [Student Book and] Teacher's Resource Book. Public Policy Debate in the Classroom: Choices for the 21st Century Education Project. 4th Edition. This teacher resource text and student text are part of a continuing series on current and historical international issues, placing special emphasis on the importance of educating students in their participatory role as citizens. It steps back from the day-to-day turmoil in Russia to examine the issues that most deeply affect the United States. At the core of the unit are four distinct options for U.S. policy. Each option contains a different perspective on the threats and opportunities presented by conditions in Russia. The background reading provides students with the knowledge needed to take part in the debate on the U.S. role in Russia's post-Cold War transition. Part 1 offers an historical overview of U.S. relations with the Russian empire and the Soviet Union. Part 2 surveys the economic and political changes that Russia has undergone since the Soviet collapse, with special attention given to Russia's evolving foreign policy. Part 3 concentrates on the leading challenges facing U.S. policymakers with respect to Russia and its neighbors. An optional reading features an excerpt from a Soviet-era textbook. Includes five- and three-day lesson plans. Descriptors: Diplomatic History, Foreign Countries, Foreign Policy, Global Approach

Lhowe, Mary, Ed. (1996). Russia's Uncertain Transition: Challenges for U.S. Policy. Revised. Choices for the 21st Century. This unit is part of a continuing series on current foreign policy issues. The first section asks students to join the debate on U.S. policy toward Russia and its neighbors in the former Soviet Union (FSU). Background readings provide information to help students address policy issues and include: (1) "Two Centuries of U.S.-Russian Relations"; (2) "Keeping Up with a Changing Russia"; and (3) "Challenges Facing the United States." Once students have discussed background issues they are faced with the policy options to: (1) "Guide Russia Forward"; (2) "Keep the Lid On"; (3) "Declaw the Russian Bear"; and (4) "Mind Our Own Business." The second section accompanies a student book of background readings and foreign policy options. The five-day lesson plan and student activities has students explore policy relations with the former Soviet Union and debate what course of action the United States should pursue through a simulation activity. The lesson titles include: (1) "Examining the Principles of U.S. Cold War Policy"; (2) "Assessing the Reform Process in Russia'; (3) "Role Playing the Four Options: Organization and Preparation"; (4) "Role Playing the Four Options: Debate and Discussion"; and (5) "Fleshing Out Policy." (Contains supplementary documents and suggested readings at the end of section 1.) Descriptors: Developing Nations, Diplomatic History, Foreign Countries, Foreign Policy

Kane, Thomas (1988). Rhetorical Histories and Arms Negotiations, Journal of the American Forensic Association. Argues that the use of historical events as rhetorical artifacts has sustained cold war assumptions and attitudes; that rhetorical events provide composites for rhetorical histories which become the basis for argumentative appeals; and that these rhetorical histories continue to permeate American diplomacy in general and arms negotiations in particular. Descriptors: Disarmament, Foreign Countries, Foreign Policy, International Relations

Grimmett, Peter P. (1990). Toward a Practice of Scholarship: Beyond the Private Cold War Metaphor. Response, Journal of Curriculum and Supervision. Arthur Blumberg's article represents fighting epistemological rhetoric and fails to consider the changing educational context over the past three years. Although Blumberg justifiably decries "scientism," or the unmindful aping of natural science paradigms, his failure to question what science is and what constitutes knowledge gives his article an unscholarly ring. Includes nine references. Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Scholarship, Scientific Research, Supervision

Pryor, Carolyn B. (1992). Building International Relations for Children through Sister Schools, Phi Delta Kappan. Inspired by Sister Cities International and the NASSP's school-to-school exchange program, "sister school" pairings have proved to be workable educational programs with long-range impact on participants. Some post-cold war efforts include U.S.-USSR High School Academic Partnerships, Project Harmony, and Center for U.S.-USSR Initiatives. Resource organizations' addresses are included. (nine references) Descriptors: Cooperative Programs, Elementary Secondary Education, Fund Raising, Global Approach

Sanyal, Bikas C. (1997). Strategies for Higher Education in Asia and the Pacific in the Post-Cold War Era. IIEP Contributions, No. 29. This paper suggests some strategies for higher education in Asia and the Pacific in the context of ideological, societal, economic, and technological changes that have been experienced in the region during recent years. Some characteristics of the region and its socioeconomic characteristics are outlined, and the impact of changes on the area's systems of higher education are reviewed. The paper also explores some of the government steering policies that require different managerial techniques in the operation of higher education systems. Some examples are given of some systems of higher education in the region that have responded to new challenges in varying degrees. The paper concludes with suggestions for measures to take the higher education systems in Asia and the Pacific into the 21st century. An appendix compares some selected indicators for the countries in Asia and the Pacific Region. (Contains 26 references.) Descriptors: Colleges, Educational Change, Educational Indicators, Foreign Countries

Chronicle of Higher Education (2005). Chronicle of Higher Education. Volume 51, Number 24, February 18, 2005. "Chronicle of Higher Education" presents an abundant source of news and information for college and university faculty members and administrators. This February 18, 2005 issue of "Chronicle for Higher Education" includes the following articles: (1) "From Special Ed to Higher Ed" (Schmidt, Peter); (2) "University of Pennsylvania Says It Is Unable to Identify Purported File Sharers" (Read, Brock); (3) "Publishing Groups Say Google's Book-Scanning Effort May Violate Copyrights" (Young, Jeffrey R.); (4) "Colleges' Spending on Technology Will Decline Again This Year, Survey Suggests" (Kiernan, Vincent); (5) "A Degree You Hope You Never Need: Colleges Offer Online Courses in Preventing and Responding to Terror Strikes" (Carnevale, Dan); (6) "A Mind of His Own: The United Negro College Fund's New Leader Wants to Revitalize the Venerable Organization" (Fain, Paul); (7) "The Education Secretary's Knowledge Campaign" (Selingo, Jeffrey); (8) "For Science Programs, Bush Budget Proposes Mostly Cuts: NIH and NSF Would Get Minimal Increases Under Spending Plan" (Brainard, Jeffrey; Field, Kelly); (9) "Bush Proposes Increase for Pell Grants: But the President's Spending Plan Cuts Loan Program and Services for Needy Students" (Burd, Stephen); (10) "Getting Physical Inside a Pyramid: Scientists Hope Subatomic Particles Will Help Unlock the Mysteries of an Ancient Mexican Monument" (Lloyd, Marion); (11) "Who Defines 'Acceptable' Speech" (Isserman, Maurice); (12) "Kieslowski's Inescapable Moral Horizons" (Hibbs, Thomas S.); (13) "No Faculty, No Constituency: Creating a Graduate Institute from Scratch" (Utley, Garrick); (14) "The Reality of Open-Access Journal Articles" (Doyle, Helen; Gass, Andy); (15) "College Graduates Aren't Ready for the Real World" (Levine, Mel); (16) "Our Tools of War, Turned Blindly Against Ourselves" (Nixon, Rob); (17) "Cold" (Lipstadt, Deborah E.); (18) "Cattle Call: About to Serve on a Search Committee at a Community College? Here are 2 Common Problems to Avoid" (Jenkins, Rob); (19) "The Fourth Factor for Hiring" (Wasicsko, Mark M.); (20) "Questioning the Promise" (Henderson, Natalie); (21) "Wake Forest University Chief Is Named to Lead Knight Sports Panel" (Suggs, Welch); (22) "The Long Shadow of Frank Broyles" (Suggs, Welch); (23) "Inside a Free-Speech Firestorm: How a Professor's 3-Year-Old Essay Sparked a National Controversy" (Smallwood, Scott); and (24) "Bush Budget Takes Aim at Student Aid and Research: One-Third of Programs to Be Dropped Would Come from the Education" (Selingo, Jeffrey). Descriptors: Disabilities, Higher Education, Special Education, Publishing Industry

Katsinas, Stephen G. (1994). Is the Open Door Closing? The Democratizing Role of the Community College in the Post-Cold War Era, Community College Journal. Describes issues affecting the open door policies of community colleges in light of funding cutbacks. Suggests that the central challenges for community colleges will include linking noncredit workforce development programs to the regular college curriculum and ensuring ease of transfer among secondary schools and community colleges. (16 citations). Descriptors: Access to Education, College Administration, College Planning, Community Colleges

Sreberny-Mohammadi, Annabelle (1995). International News Flows in the Post-Cold War World: Mapping the News and the News Producers, Electronic Journal of Communication/La Revue Electronique de Communication. Reviews the global political environment, major global news providers, and technologies of global news production. Argues for a multinational comparative mapping of international news representation in the 1990s. Outlines a major international venture to update and elaborate the 1979 UNESCO/IAMCR study of foreign news in the media of 29 countries, with over 50 countries participating. Descriptors: Global Approach, Higher Education, Media Research, News Media

Brown Univ., Providence, RI. Center for Foreign Policy Development. (1993). After the Cold War: The U.S. Role in Europe's Transition. Alternatives for Public Debate and Policy Development. Choices for the 21st Century. This document is part of a series that seeks to help people think constructively about foreign policy issues, to improve citizen involvement, and to encourage debate on public issues. "Europe in Turmoil: 1914-1945"; "The Search for Security: 1945-1985"; and "Revolutionary Changes in Europe: 1985-1993" are the issues for discussion. Options that the document suggests for debate appear under the headings "Promote Western Values"; "Protect Our Interests"; "Beyond Europe"; and "Reduce Our Obligations." There is also a discussion of "Europe's Uncertain Future." The document includes a note to teachers, a lesson plan and student activities, supplementary documents for the teacher, and a listing of suggested readings. Descriptors: Controversial Issues (Course Content), Discussion (Teaching Technique), European History, Foreign Countries

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education. (1979). United States History. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Proejct. This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on United States history is divided into twenty-four topics. The topics included are: Backgrounds of American Colonization; Colonial Life; Causes of the American Revolution; Creating a New Government; War of 1812; Gold Rush and Acquisition of Territory; Development of Political Parties; Civil War; Reconstruction; Settlement of Plains; Railroad, and Indians; Industrialization; Labor Laws and Trustbusting; Immigration; Social Reform; Spanish-American War: World War I; Inflation of 1920s and Cause of 1929 Stock Market Crash; Depression; Causes of World War II; World War II, Events and Results; Cold War in Europe and Korea; Vietnam War; the 1960s; and The 1970s. Competency statements and performance indicators are provided for each topic area. The performance indicators are designed to be used as pre- and post-tests. Answer keys are also provided. This set of curriculum guides is accompanied by both a teacher's guide and a student handbook. Descriptors: Adult Education, Adults, Answer Keys, Competency Based Education

Geiger, Keith (1994). Rethinking American Schools in the Post-Cold War Era: Introductory Remarks from the NEA President, Theory into Practice. Since schools reflect society, rethinking American education demands rethinking other dimensions of society (government organization, business involvement, and the American family). The article discusses the need to confront many societal and institutional decisions that must precede decisions about the future of American education. The focus is on funding issues. Descriptors: Change Strategies, Costs, Educational Change, Educational Finance

Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication. (1993). Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (76th, Kansas City, Missouri, August 11-14, 1993). Part III: Newspapers. The Newspapers section of this collection of conference presentations contains the following 24 papers: "Dropping the Paper: The Role of Women in Local Daily Subscription Cancellations" (Melinda D. Hawley); "The Effects of the 1990-1992 Recession in the Real Estate Industry in News Coverage in Real Estate Sections at Five Major U.S. Dailies" (Wendy Swallow Williams); "Nonreaders, Single Newspaper Readers and Multiple Newspaper Readers: A Discriminant Analysis" (Wayne Wanta and others); "Sample Size in Content Analysis of Weekly Newspapers" (Stephen Lacy and others); "How Four Newspapers Covered the 1992 Los Angeles and Related 'Riots'" (Jyotika Ramaprasad and others); "The Stability of 'Bad News' in Third World Coverage: 22 Years of 'New York Times' Foreign News" (Daniel Riffe);"Press Theory for the Post-Cold War Era: Toward Recapturing the Public Sphere Dialogue" (Lisa W. Holstein); "Women Making a Difference in the Newsroom" (Marion Tuttle Marzolf); "The 'New York Times' and the 'Washington Post's Coverage of the Tiananmen Incident and the U.S. China Policy: A Comparative Study" (Hong Cheng); "Changes in Coverage Patterns of Disability Issues in Three Major American Newspapers 1976-1991" (John S. Clogston); "Motherhood and the Newspaper Industry: Family Support Benefits and Women's Status in the Business" (Rebecca Theim); "Family Feud: A Case Study of Job Stress and Coping Mechanisms among Newspaper Copy Editors" (Brad Thompson and others); and "Press Coverage of Interest Groups: News Values as Determinants" (Dong-Geun Lee); "Lead, Follow or Stop the Presses: The Future of Daily Newspapers" (Sherri Ward Massey); "International News in Six American Newspapers: Last Look at a Bipolar World?" (Catherine Cassara); "'The People's Friend': A Content Analytic Study of How a Newspaper Functions for Its Readership" (Aleen J. Ratzlaff); "The Influence of Public Ownership on Publisher Autonomy" (Martha N. Matthews); "Coverage of Africa by the African-American Press: Perceptions of African-American Newspaper Editors" (Emmanuel U. Onyedike); "Color's Influence on the Content and Origin of Newsphotos" (Cindy M. Brown); "Professional Attitudes of Alternative and Mainstream Journalists and Their Effects on Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment" (Fiona A. E. McQuarrie); "The Effect of Foreign News on Readers' Attitudes toward Foreign Countries" (Taeyong Kim); "Community Editors' Views on Extralocal Coverage" (P. J. Tichenor and others); "Design Desks: Why Are More and More Newspapers Adopting Them?" (Ann Auman); "Job Stress, Hardiness and Health Factors in Reporters and Copy Editors" (Betsy B. Cook and others); and "The Response of Newspaper Circulation in the 1980s to Economic and Other Community Demographics" (F. Dennis Hale).   [More]  Descriptors: Audience Analysis, Case Studies, Comparative Analysis, Developing Nations

Minnis, J. R. (1993). Adult Education and the African State in the Post Cold War Era, Convergence. Demise of single-party rule in many African nations presents an opportunity for adult educators to influence development of liberal democratic states. The need for adults to be integrated into economic and social structures points to a role for adult education. Descriptors: Adult Education, Democracy, Economic Development, Foreign Countries

Cragan, John F.; Shields, Donald C. (1977). Foreign Policy Communication Dramas: How Mediated Rhetoric Played in Peoria in Campaign '76. A message-centered dramatistic theory of communication was used in conjunction with Q-sort technique and factor analysis to build and test a message-centered foreign-policy inventory that contained three dramatic interpretations of U.S. involvement in foreign affairs: cold war, power politics, and neo-isolationism. Analysis of results from two groups of 30 subjects indicated that the power-politics drama was the most accepted rhetorical vision in Peoria, Illinois. Cold war was a close second, but it appeared to polarize Peorians. Neo-isolationism was a distant third. The results were interpreted as providing empirical verification not only for the typology of foreign-policy dramas but also for Bormann's dramatistic theory of communication. The design used in the study indicates that rhetorical messages may be tested for their persuasiveness, producing a direct relationship between message production and audience analysis without risking the credibility of a speaker.   [More]  Descriptors: Adults, Communication (Thought Transfer), Foreign Policy, Information Theory

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