Bibliography: Russia (page 130 of 140)

This bibliography is selected and organized by the Russia is NOT the Enemy website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include M. Timothy O'Keefe, Providence Brown Univ, Dala Giorgetti, Yoshikazu Sakamoto, Jonathan Harris, Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, William A. Babcock, Ronald E. Ostman, John P. Schenck, and Beulah F. Rohrlich.

Rohrlich, Beulah F. (1980). Ethics and Intercultural Communication. A study of the use of "proteksia," a system of securing personal influence in Israel, is discussed in this article and is related to concepts of intercultural ethics. The information on the study is taken from an article "On Proteksia," by B. Danet and H. Hartman, focusing on "proteksia" as it relates to bureaucratic norms and nonbureaucratic behavior. "Proteksia" is defined as the manipulation of role impingements to obtain benefits or services that might otherwise not be forthcoming. A survey of persons in Israel is cited that found that in spite of a negative attitude toward "proteksia," a majority of people felt the need for it, and a high percentage of them reported using "proteksia" during the prior year. Similar uses of both the word and the practice of "proteksia" are noted as existing in Poland, Yugoslavia, and Russia, and similar meanings and practices are noted as they occur in Bulgaria, Iran, Arab countries, Turkey and North America. Descriptive studies such as the one cited are advocated as necessary precursors to prescriptive ethics in the study of communication ethics. Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Bureaucracy, Communication Research, Communication (Thought Transfer)

Barsacq, Leon (1976). Caligari's Cabinet and Other Grand Illusions: A History of Film Design. This book illustrates the contribution of set design as a dramatic element and the decisive role it plays in the creation of ambience in a film. The evolution of film sets is traced in relation to film as a developing art form. The first section, which considers film perspective and the evolution of the set, discusses painted sets in the French primitives (1895-1914); constructed sets in Italy (1910-1915) and the United States (1915-1920); the film aesthetic in Sweden and Germany (1917-1922) and in France (1918-1926); natural scenery in Russia (1914-1930); realism in Hollywood, France, Great Britain, and the USSR during the twenties and thirties; and postwar trends in Italy, France, Sweden, and Japan. The second part considers the role and conception of set design and examines research, source material, period films, historical films, musical films, and fantasy. The use of color, creation and construction of the set, and special effects are also discussed. Descriptors: Art Expression, Film Production, Film Study, Films

Kirby, Michael, Ed. (1977). Thematic Issue: Playwrights and Playwriting, The Drama Review. Seven of the articles in this journal contain first-person descriptions of the procedures and methods used by outstanding American playwrights in creating their individual plays. The playwrights explain their own writing habits, working conditions, and revision processes in an effort to clarify the elements that contribute to the unusual characteristics of their scripts. The title of each article is indicative of the style of the playwright involved: "How I Write My (Self: Plays)" by Richard Foreman, "I write these messages that come" by Maria Irene Fornes, "Visualization, Language and the Inner Library" by Sam Shepard, "Two Pages a Day" by Megan Terry, "A Reinvention of Form" by Jean-Claude van Itallie, and "…I thought I was hallucinating" by Robert Wilson. The historical section of the journal contains an article on Sologub, a dramatist of the first generation of Russian symbolists, followed by Sologub's chief theoretical work, "The Theatre of One Will," that provides keys to the writer's mystical view of the universe. Also included are an account of an innovative version of "Hamlet" presented in Russia in 1932, an index to volume 21 of the "Drama Review," and several reviews of new books on the theater arts. Descriptors: Authors, Cognitive Processes, Creative Expression, Creative Writing

Brown Univ., Providence, RI. Center for Foreign Policy Development. (1992). Choices for the 21st Century: Facing a Disintegrating Soviet Union. Alternatives for Public Debate and Policy Development. This mini-unit was designed to help high school students make sense of the complex issues raised by the disintegration of the Soviet Union, while letting them form their own conclusions about the direction of U.S. foreign policy. In the course of a five-day lesson plan, students have an opportunity to put recent events into perspective, deepen their knowledge of the Soviet Union, and join with their fellow classmates in assessing the United States' future role in the region. Students begin by considering how the final collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 altered the U.S. foreign policy agenda. They then explore three clearly defined options for U.S. policy toward the Soviet Union, namely, strengthen the Newly Independent Republics, Support a Stable Russia, or Mind Our Own Business. Three background articles provide a context for the options, helping students reach an informed understanding of the choices they face. With a better grasp of the Soviet Union's past and present problems, students are equipped to participate in a role playing activity based on the three options. Ultimately, the sequence of lessons is intended to guide students as they develop their own ideas about U.S. policy toward the former Cold War enemy, and finally, clarify their own values and beliefs about the U.S. role in the world. Three appendices contain lesson plans and student activities, abridged background articles, and topics for further consideration. Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Current Events, Foreign Policy, Futures (of Society)

Schenck, John P.; And Others (1984). The Life and Times of Victor Karlovich Della-Vos. Viktor Karlovich Della-Vos is created as being the director and chief architect of Russian manual training. Born in 1829, Della-Vos received a degree in physical and mathematical sciences from Moscow University in 1853. He began his teaching career in 1854 as a teacher of Russian and eventually began teaching advanced mathematics in 1858. In 1860 he was sent to Paris to study the theoretical and practical aspects of machine tool building. He also spent time in London studying farm machinery. After returning to Russia in 1864, Della-Vos was made a professor of mechanics at the Petrovsky Academy. In 1867 he was made director of a Moscow vocational school, and in 1868 he was made director of the Moscow Imperial Technical Academy. His plans for the inclusion of theoretical content in workshop and laboratory courses were unique in their simplicity and detailed organization. His inclusion of manual training at the postsecondary level became famous worldwide. He spent much of his time in the 1870s exhibiting the technical academy's products and inspecting the best technical schools abroad. He died in 1890 after an illness that began in 1879. (This document consists of a translation of two articles from an 1891 work entitled "Recollections of Victor Karlovich Della-Vos" and an introduction to the translated text.)   [More]  Descriptors: Biographies, Educational History, Foreign Countries, Job Training

Babcock, William A.; Ostman, Ronald E. (1980). U. S.-U. S. S. R. Space Exploration and Technology, John F. Kennedy, and the Press. Debates and policies in the late 1950s and early 1960s regarding the United States-Soviet space race are described in this paper, and an analysis is presented of press coverage of President John F. Kennedy's public statements regarding space technology and exploration. The first sections of the paper present a selected space chronology from 1957 to 1975, describe debates that occurred between 1957 and 1961 regarding the proper role for the U.S. in view of Russia's successes in space exploration, show how increasing pressure was placed on Kennedy in 1960 and 1961 to make a critical decision about the U.S. space program, and tell how efforts were begun between the Soviets in space. The paper then reports on an analysis of the coverage by three major U.S. newspapers of 11 public statements in which Kennedy referred to space technology and exploration and also to the Soviet Union. Among the conclusions reported are: (1) there was no obvious relationship between newspaper coverage of space-related issues and the space-related issues discussed by Kennedy; (2) Kennedy emphasized U.S. space efforts and U.S.-Soviet space cooperation, while the newspapers focused on Soviet space achievements and on the U.S.-Soviet space race; and (3) most newspeper items mentioned national prestige. Descriptors: Aerospace Technology, Competition, Content Analysis, Cooperation

Harris, Jonathan (1965). Hiroshima: A Study in Science, Politics and the Ethics of War. Teacher and Student Manuals. By focusing on the question of whether it was right or wrong to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, this social studies unit seeks to illuminate the political, military, scientific, and moral complexities involved in making far-reaching decisions today. Sections of the unit use primary materials from American, Japanese, and English sources to explore the following questions: (1) What was the choice in terms of Japanese versus American lives? (2) Was the A-bomb a military necessity? (3) As the agony of the atomic scientists and the Japanese reaction to the Potsdam Declaration are reviewed in light of recent history, was there a better way to win the war? (4) Was Russia the reason that the United States used the bomb? and (5) Was the use of the A-bomb morally defensible? Included are excerpts from the opinions of atomic scientists, military officers, and political leaders. [Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document.]   [More]  Descriptors: Curriculum Guides, Decision Making, Military Science, Modern History

Jobe, Ronald A. (1982). Literature in Translation for Secondary Students. Literature in translation can provide English speaking secondary school students with a sensitive glimpse into life in other areas of the world and can be a contributor to international understanding. In such stories as Anne Holm's "I Am David," or "The Hostage," the characters become involved in webs of adventure and play leading roles in the action. Many characters in translated novels are caught up in a web of realism, as are the characters in "My Brother Plays the Clarinet," and "The Secret of the Yellow House," two short stories by Anatolii Aleksin that are set in modern Russia. Books written by European writers, such as Otfried Preussler and Hannelore Valencak, frequently cloak their characters in a web of tradition, legend, or even superstition, while stories like "The Curse of Laguna Grande" by S. R. Van Iterson present a contemporary picture of rural South America. English speaking students can also gain much understanding for the reality and finality of war through books such as "Pack of Wolves" by Vasil Bykov and "A Little Girl Under a Mosquito Net" by Monique Lange. English teachers should refrain from a noninternational literary tradition and should introduce students to quality literature translated into English. (A bibliography of translated literature is included.) Descriptors: Books, Cultural Awareness, English Instruction, Foreign Countries

Nessel, Paula (1994). Planting International Seeds. Technical Assistance Bulletin No. 12. Noting that law-related education (LRE) instills in its practitioners a strong desire to share its message with the world, this technical bulletin outlines the international activities of several LRE organizations. The Center for Civic Education hosts international visiting scholars, sponsors an annual conference that alternates between sites in Germany and the United States, and provides technical support to countries such as Nicaragua and Poland. The Chicago-based, women-managed, nonprofit organization Heartland International has promoted civic education programs in Ethiopia, Namibia, Uganda, and Tanzania. The American Federation of Teachers International Affairs Department created the Education for Democracy Clearinghouse in 1993 to collect and disseminate information about civic education programs worldwide. The Mershon Center at The Ohio State University has been involved in the Education for Democratic Citizenship in Poland Project since 1991 and has been invited to develop programs in Lithuania, Bulgaria, Albania, and Russia. The National Institute for Citizen Education in the Law (NICEL) has been involved in projects on four continents, Asia, Europe, Africa, and South America. For the future, NICEL proposes the Citizens Education Democracy Corps, comprised of recent alumni from U.S. graduate schools in the fields of law, education, and the humanities. A list of contact persons for each agency is provided.   [More]  Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, International Educational Exchange

Prokof'yev, A. V. (1966). Programmed Learning, Programmed Textbooks, Teaching Machines. The overall idea of programed learning plays an important role in the learning process, but it does not contain any sensational discoveries or unusual points. Importance resides in the perfection of the existing systems and methods of learning with the use of the achievements of modern science, and particularly of radio electronics and cybernetics. Modern group and mass teaching processes are joined with individualized features by machines and textbooks which present the study material, control its assimilation, and transmit confirmation to the student concerning the correct assimilation of the material. To prepare material for a textbook or teaching machine, the author must himself first structure the material; a formidable task. Then he must choose one of a variety of formats, form a bridge between conventional teaching aids and programed aids to "pure" programed textbooks or direct communication with a machine. Teaching machines are further classified according to the functions performed in the learning process, the programing principle involved, the feedback method, the method of direct communication, structural peculiarities of the machine, and the type of teaching. Programed texts and teaching machines already in use in Russia are described. Descriptors: Articulation (Education), Autoinstructional Aids, Constructed Response, Educational Research

Browne, Millard C. (1976). The United States and Japan. A Wingspread Conference of Editors from Japan and the United States (Racine, Wisconsin, November 2-5, 1975). The purpose of this conference of news executives from Japan and the United States was to exchange views on the relationship of the two nations and to identify areas of common concern. In general, it was agreed that the two nations are getting along very well despite their cultural differences. The first session dealt with the U.S. role in Asia. The consensus was that Japan has taken the U.S. pullout from Southeast Asia in stride and is exerting its own influence as best possible diplomatically and economically. The U.S. commitment to South Korea is a touchy area for both countries, and Japan urged the United States to recognize North Korea so it can be brought into the world community. Fear of both Koreas was expressed. A consensus exists for the current American-Japanese security treaty. Speakers warned about underrating trouble spots such as China and Russia, Europe, money exchange, access to resource materials, and direct investment policies. A light discussion ensued of cultural and sociological contrasts, followed by a probe into the victor-vanquished relationship after World War II. The final session concerned media coverage of one country by the other and the relationship between the newsmen in crisis times and under ordinary conditions.   [More]  Descriptors: Conferences, Cultural Differences, Economics, Foreign Countries

Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication. (1992). Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (75th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 5-8, 1992). Part II: Journalism History, Section B. Section B of the Journalism History section of the proceedings contains the following nine papers: "Weep into Silence/Cries of Rage: Bitter Divisions in Hawaii's Japanese Press" (Tom Brislin); "Viewing the Newspaper as International: The First International Organization of Journalists Debates News Copyright 1894-1898" (Ulf Jonas Bjork); "The Commercial Roots of Foreign Correspondence: The 'New York Herald' and Foreign News, 1835-1839" (Ulf Jonas Bjork); "The Short Life of the National Courier: Christian Journalism's 'Finest Hour?'" (Ken Waters); "The Revolutionary Power of the Press: Newspapers as a Shadow Political Arena in 1848 in France and 1917 in Russia" (Lisa W. Holstein); "Broken Bridges: Protestant Missionary Journalists as Cultural Brokers in Early 19th Century China" (Charles W. Elliot); "The Treasonous Irish: Vigilantes, Conspiracies and the Mainstream Press, 1917-1918" (Mick Mulcrone); "Unequal Partners: Gender Relationships in Victorian Radical Journalism" (David R. Spencer); and "The Newspaper as Social Composer of the North Idaho Mining Frontier" (David J. Vergobbi).   [More]  Descriptors: Copyrights, European History, Foreign Countries, Japanese

Sakamoto, Yoshikazu (1978). Korea as a World Order Issue. Occasional Paper Number Three. This paper discusses the Korean problem, not as an aspect of the East-West conflict, but as a world order problem. The paper is one of a series commissioned by the World Order Models Project in its effort to stimulate research, education, dialogue, and political action which will contribute to a movement for a just world order. The first part of the paper briefly traces Korea's history up to August 1945. At that time the United States and Russia engaged in fierce maneuvers to carve out and extend their respective spheres of domination, thereby dividing the Korean nation into two countries which became hostile. Since that time North and South Korea have been robbed of their autonomy, have become satellites of the two major powers, have had their economies skewed, and have become preys to repressive regimes. The second part of the paper makes constructive suggestions for reducing tension between North and South Korea. Initiatives must emanate from the two major powers which are responsible for Korea's tragic plight, but some will have to be taken by the Korean people themselves. Descriptors: Area Studies, Conflict, Conflict Resolution, Global Approach

O'Keefe, M. Timothy (1971). The Comparative Listenability of Shortwave Broadcasts, Journalism Quarterly. A study to analyze selected shortwave broadcasts in terms of the Flesch formula for readibility is presented. The study attempted to qualify elements of style based on their scripted word usage and to compare and contrast the news broadcasts of four countries in terms of gross listenability. A number of studies were conducted which applied the Dale-Chall formula and the Flesch formula, as well as tests on the listenability-readability concept. News scripts of the Voice of America's English language broadcasts to Southeast Asia over the period of one week were examined. In addition, the shortwave news broadcasts of Russia, Britain and West Germany were taped and examined. It was found that on the basis of the scores recorded for the Voice of America broadcast that the news reports may have been prepared at a more difficult level than was intended. The study indicates that the matter of style evaluation should be given serious consideration by U.S.I.A.   [More]  Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, English (Second Language), Evaluation, Journalism

Giorgetti, Dala, Ed.; Bonardi, Carlo, Ed. (1982). Prima di Pinocchio–Libri tra due Secoli: Libri per bambini e ragazzi nel monda tra il 1781 e il 1881 (Before Pinocchio–Books between Two Centuries: Books for Infants and Children of the World from 1781 to 1881). Produced on the hundredth anniversary of "Pinocchio" in an attempt to draw a comparison of the books for children and young people produced between the end of the eighteenth and the end of the nineteenth centuries in various countries, this catalog, primarily in Italian, begins with a bilingual (Italian and English) discussion of children's literature before "Pinocchio" and proceeds to list books produced between 1781 and 1881 by country. Each section begins with an essay on examples of children's literature of that country, dealing with their origins and, more specifically, with details of the period from the end of the eighteenth to the end of the nineteenth century. The assemblage of books is not exhaustive but intends to display a representative panorama–more or less crowded according to the country–of the cultural climate in the historical period considered. The countries represented include Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Great Britain, Italy, Yugoslavia, Holland, Norway, Poland, Rumania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Hungary, Russia (USSR), and the United States. Descriptors: Annotated Bibliographies, Childrens Literature, Eighteenth Century Literature, Global Approach

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