Bibliography: Russia (page 116 of 140)

This bibliography is independently curated for the Russia is NOT the Enemy website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Robert A. Cole, Paul Fogelberg, David Stern, Nick Jagger, Tatiana Velikova, Siobhan O'Regan, Svetlana Dobrusina, W. S. Jesien, Janet G. Vaillant, and Teija Mankkinnen.

Huws, Ursula; Jagger, Nick; O'Regan, Siobhan (1999). Teleworking and Globalisation. Towards a Methodology for Mapping and Measuring the Emerging Global Division of Labour in the Information Economy. Inexpensive telecommunications, the spread of computing, and globalization are creating major change in the location of work within and between countries. Because no tools have yet been developed to investigate the new spatial employment patterns, a cluster analysis involving more than 50 variables and 206 countries was performed to group countries and identify their position in the emerging global division of labor in information-processing work. The analysis identified qualitative and quantitative changes occurring in the organization of distribution of work. Special attention was paid to the following: call centers (centers in remote locations at which functionally specialized workers with a telecommunications link to customers are concentrated); off-shore data processing; and development of the export software industry in countries such as India, the Philippines, Russia, and Bulgaria. Data about the numbers and characteristics of home-based teleworkers in the United Kingdom that were drawn from the UK Labour Force Survey were also used in the analysis. The following factors associated with high and low rates of teleworking were discussed: cost and availability of information and telecommunications technology; differing sectoral and occupational structures; urbanization; household size and structure; and national regulatory context. (Nineteen tables are included. The report contains 104 references.) Descriptors: Adult Education, Cluster Analysis, Data Analysis, Data Collection

Chapman, Judith, Ed.; And Others (1995). Creating and Managing the Democratic School. In this volume, educators from Russia and western countries address the issue of the creation and management of schools in a modern democracy. Chapters examine the questions involved in the conception, justification, and implementation of the idea of "education for democracy." Following the acknowledgments and epigraph, chapters include the following: (1) "Introduction and Commentary" (Judith D. Chapman, Isak D. Froumin, and David N. Aspin); (2) "The Conception of Democracy: A Philosophy for Democratic Education" (David N. Aspin); (3) "Background to the Reform and New Policies in Education in Russia" (Edward E. Dneprov); (4) "The New Law on Education in the Russian Federation" (Yevgenii V. Tkachenko); (5) "The Constitutional, Political and Legal Frameworks of Australian Schooling" (Ian Birch); (6) "Democratic Values in Russian Education 1955-93: An Analytic Review of the Cultural and Historical Background to Reform" (Alexander I. Adamsky); (7) "Government Policy and Democratic Reform in the Russian Educational System" (Yelena A. Lenskaya); (8) "The Structure of Democracy in Educational Settings: The Relationship between the School and the System" (Jeffrey F. Dunstan); (9) "Democracy in the School Setting: Power and Control, Costs and Benefits" (Brian Spicer); (10) "The Development of the Management and Self-Government of Russian Schools and Pupils" (Oleg Gazman); (11) "Building Democracy in the School Setting: The Principal's Role" (Clive Dimmock); (12) "Democratic Values, Individual Rights and Personal Freedom in Education" (Michael Herriman); (13) "The Acquisition of the Democratic Experience by Children and Teachers" (Alexander M. Tubelsky); and (14) "The Child's Road to Democracy" (Isak D. Froumin). References accompany each chapter. Appendices contain organizational charts depicting the Russian Federation State System of Education, the system of education management in Russia, and the Russian state system of public education.   [More]  Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Democracy, Democratic Values, Educational Change

Tooley, James (1999). The Global Education Industry: Lessons from Private Education in Developing Countries. IEA Studies in Education. This book focuses on the impact of private education in developing countries, such as Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, India, Indonesia, Peru, Romania, Russia, South Africa, and Zimbabwe. The private education sector is large and innovative in the countries studied and not the domain of the wealthy. Contrary to popular opinion, private education in developing countries does not foster economic inequality, instead it provides social responsibility programs, subsidized placements, and student loan schemes. Factors are identified that impede or facilitate private education with a special focus on the role of regulatory regimes. Finally, ways the existence of an innovative private education sector could influence education policy as practiced by international agencies and national governments are explored. Chapter titles include: (1) "Case Studies of Private Education"; (2) "Factors for Success"; (3) "Equity Issues"; (4) "Regulation and Investment Climate"; and (5) "Conclusions and Policy Proposals." (Contains 28 references.) Descriptors: Comparative Education, Developing Nations, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries

Scott, Mary Lee (1993). A Look at TEFL in Russia and Ukraine. A survey of 53 teachers of English as a foreign language (EFL) in Russia and Ukraine, conducted in May 1992, investigated current teaching conditions and methods and perceived needs and concerns. The teachers taught at elementary, secondary, and postsecondary levels; a majority taught in teacher training institutions. Over half the respondents reported using communicative methods, while almost a third used traditional methods; a quarter used both. The activities teachers used frequently appeared to reflect primarily a traditional approach, although they reported using a number of communicative activities as well. The most pressing needs identified by the teachers included authentic materials, contact with native speakers of English, and audiovisual equipment. Almost half the teachers expressed a desire to improve their teaching methodology, while nearly a third indicated a desire for increased contact with colleagues, both locally and nationally.   [More]  Descriptors: Audiovisual Aids, College Faculty, Communicative Competence (Languages), Educational Environment

Dobrusina, Svetlana; Velikova, Tatiana (1999). Mass Disinfection of Documents Affected by Microorganisms: One Practical Experience. This paper presents the results of disinfecting treatment of more than 200,000 documents damaged by microorganisms in connection with moving the documents from depositories to a new building of the National Library of Russia. For disinfection, a preparation Metatin GT made by a Swedish firm ACIMA was applied. Metatin GT meets three basic requirements of the agents intended for document protection: minimum toxicity for people; ability to be kept for a long period of time in paper; and lack of negative influence on paper. An another advantage of Metatin GT is that its biocide effect does not decrease during long-term document storage. The chemical and microbiological analysis of dust from depositories were carried out. The normals of biocide and material consumption and time expenditures were developed. Every week, microbiological samples (400 in total) were taken and tested to prove the effectiveness of disinfection; results indicated 97-99% effectiveness. Statistical estimation of data and accumulated practical experience gave an opportunity to carry out the method of mass document treatment.   [More]  Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Library Materials, National Libraries, Paper (Material)

Council of Europe, Strasbourg (France). (1999). Multilateral Sprint Seminar on Evaluating Progress in Sports Development Since 1989. Budapest, Hungary, April 1-2, 1998. Report of the Committee for the Development of Sport (CDDS). This report presents the proceedings of a 1998 seminar which focused on four themes related to progress in sports development in Europe since 1989. Each of the four sections includes four papers, one from each of the experts from the Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia. "Tours de table" and discussion allowed participation by other countries (Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Georgia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Russia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and the Ukraine). Experts from Austria and France also participated in the work of the seminar. The four themes of the seminar focused on the following issues: "The Effects of Political and Organizational Changes,""Consequences of the Move Toward the Free Market Economy,""The Social Importance of Sport in the New Democracies," and "European Integration and Cooperation." The report includes the papers by each presenter. An appendix offers a list of participants with names, addresses, and telephone/fax numbers. Descriptors: Athletics, Democracy, Economic Factors, Elementary Secondary Education

Stern, David, Ed.; Wagner, Daniel A., Ed. (1999). International Perspectives on the School-to-Work Transition. Series on Literacy: Research, Policy and Practice. This book provides a policy update on the school-to-work (STW) transition in a wide range of countries. Fourteen chapters give a comprehensive overview of the main issues in policy formulation and a detailed consideration of how policies have been considered and implemented in those countries. The chapters are: "Introduction: STW Policies in Industrialized Countries as Responses to Push and Pull" (David Stern, Daniel A. Wagner); "Youth Labor Markets in 23 Countries: A Comparison Using Micro Data" (David G. Blanchflower); "An Overview of STW Arrangements in Australia" (Richard Sweet); "Moving away from the Maze: Transitions from School to Work in Canada" (Patrice de Broucker); "STW Transition in Denmark" (Roland Osterlund); "Alternating Training and the STW Transition: Programs, Assessment, Prospects" (Claudine Romani, Patrick Werquin); "STW Transition: The Example of Germany" (Felix Rauner); "Transition from STW and Career Formation of Japanese High School Students" (Takehiko Kariya); "STW Transition in Mexico: An Overview of Recent Experiences" (Bernardo Mendez Lugo); "STW Transition Programs in the Netherlands" (Jan N. Streumer); "Transition from STW in Russia" (Valery A. Poliakov, Nikolai D. Nikandrov); "STW Transition in Spain" (Jordi Planas); "Transition in a School-Based Vocational Training System: The Case of Sweden" (Ulla Arnell Gustafsson, Torsten Madsen); "Recent Changes in STW Transition in England and Wales" (Joan Payne); and "Preconditions for Effective School-Work Linkages in the United States" (James E. Rosenbaum). Author and subject indexes are appended. Descriptors: Adult Education, Apprenticeships, Career Development, Career Education

Cable News Network, Atlanta, GA. (1997). CNN Newsroom Classroom Guides. May 1-31, 1997. These classroom guides, designed to accompany the daily CNN (Cable News Network) Newsroom broadcasts for the month of May, provide program rundowns, suggestions for class activities and discussion, student handouts, and a list of related news terms. Topics include: Chelsea Clinton decides to attend Stanford University, Zaire's president and rebel leader to meet, and Labor Party wins big in Britain's elections (May 1-2); Zaire negotiations stand still while tens of thousands of fleeing refugees starve, balanced budget agreement, Texas standoff ends, U.S. President Clinton visits Mexico in attempt to mend fences with a neighbor, jury finds RJR (Reynold's) Tobacco "not guilty," U.S. government report accuses Swiss of concealing Nazi gold and faults the U.S. for doing too little at the end of World War II, the World Court convicts a Bosnian Serb of wartime atrocities, New York stock market takes a dive, and President Clinton assures leaders at the Central American Summit of U.S. concern for the region and its refugees (May 5-9); devastating earthquake strikes Iran, Pope draws huge crowds in Lebanon, Russia and Chechnya agree to end 400 years of hostility and warfare, a third strike at General Motors has widespread impact on the auto industry, Russia and NATO reach an historic agreement on security, and U.S. space shuttle Atlantis is on course for another docking with MIR (May 12-16); Zaire's 7-month civil war ends as rebel forces march into Kinshasa, AIDS vaccine promised within a decade, President Clinton wants renewed "Most Favored Nation" status for China, cyclone batters coast of Bangladesh rendering 800,000 homeless, Laurent Kabila arrives in Kinshasa and renames Zaire, the prosecution rests its case in the Timothy McVeigh Oklahoma City bombing trial, political crackdown in Burma, and Iranians choose a president for the first time in 18 years (May 19-23); signing of the historic NATO-Russia accord, Mideast talks, Sierra Leone coup, elections in France and Iran, President Clinton renews the U.S. commitment to its allies on the 50th anniversary of the Marshall Plan, closing arguments in the Oklahoma City bombing trial, Kabila sworn in as President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire), and McVeigh jury begins deliberations (May 26-30). Descriptors: Cable Television, Class Activities, Current Events, Discussion (Teaching Technique)

Fogelberg, Paul, Ed.; Hearn, Jeff, Ed.; Husu, Liisa, Ed.; Mankkinnen, Teija, Ed. (1999). Hard Work in the Academy: Research and Interventions on Gender Inequalities in Higher Education. This collection brings together papers initially presented at a conference held in Helsinki (Finland) on gender equality in higher education in several European countries and elsewhere. Following an introductory chapter by the authors, the 30 chapters (separately authored) are grouped under the following topics: national politics and policies; students; academic work and careers; management; sexualities; women's studies; and strategies and interventions for change. The first group of chapters covers national politics and policies in Finland, Sweden, the Netherlands, Germany, Austria, and Norway. The next chapters examine problems for students in England and Flanders. Other chapters discuss academic work and careers in Israel, Belgium, Australia, Finland and the United States.  Three chapters examine management issues in the United Kingdom and Russia; and four chapters focus on issues concerning gay, lesbian and bisexual students and staff in higher education. A sixth section covers women's studies; and in the final section, strategies and interventions for change are set forth. The study notes that while questions of gender inequality are remarkably persistent throughout the world, the form they take and the strategies employed vary. Appended is an agenda for the conference and a description (including subscription information) of the European Network on Gender Equality in Higher Education. (Individual chapters contain references.) Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Career Ladders, Careers, Educational Change

Bach, Teresa (1923). Education in Czechoslovakia. Bulletin, 1922, No. 39, Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior. The Czecho-Slovak Republic, proclaimed independent October 28, 1918, comprises an area of 54,000 square miles. It is inhabited by Czechs and Slovaks, two branches of the western Slavs, from whom the Republic derived its name. The new State reunites the Provinces of Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia, and Slovakia, and the autonomous territory of Carpathian Russia. Barely four years have elapsed since its independence was proclaimed, yet the process of economic and political reconstruction has advanced perceptibly. The aim of the present Government in matters of education, like those of State, is to coordinate the two diverse arrangements that hitherto separated Bohemia from Slovakia. Education is compulsory for all the children in the State. In the Czech-speaking Provinces, education is widespread and illiteracy low, while, in Slovakia, it is much higher. In the former Provinces the compulsory age for children extends over 8 years (from the age of 6 to 14), with the exception of rural districts, where children may be excused from attendance after the age of 12. In Slovakia and Carpathian Russia, the compulsory age is from 6 to 12, i.e., 6 years only. Continuation classes are established in some places for those between 12 and 15, but as attendance in these schools is not enforced, their influence is negligible. In general, the school attendance in Slovakia and Subcarpathian Russia is unsatisfactory, especially in the mountains regions, where school work encounters many difficulties. These shortcomings are realized by the new authorities, and no effort is spared in opening new schools and thus raising the standard of education in this part of the country. The question of lengthening the period of attendance receives serious consideration, and it is quite likely that in the near future a uniform eight-year compulsory school period will be the minimum requirement throughout the Republic. Topics covered in this bulletin include: (1) Kindergarten and nursery schools; (2) Elementary education; (3) Recent changes in education; (4) The budget of the Ministry of Education for the year 1922; (5) Administration; (6) Minority schools; (7) Teacher training; (8) Teachers' organizations; (9) Secondary education; (10) Agricultural education; (11) Home economics schools; (12) Industrial education; (13) Commercial education; and (14) Higher education. (Contains 6 footnotes.) [Best copy available has been provided.]   [More]  Descriptors: Business Education, Agricultural Education, Foreign Countries, Home Economics

Cable News Network, Atlanta, GA. (1996). CNN Newsroom Classroom Guides. November 1-30, 1996. These classroom guides, designed to accompany the daily CNN (Cable News Network) Newsroom broadcasts for the month of November, provide program rundowns, suggestions for class activities and discussion, student handouts, and a list of related news terms. Topics include: presidential candidates travel the United States searching for votes, FBI searches for Olympic bomber, and Germany's 320,000 Bosnian refugees face expulsion (November 1); Hutu refugees flee, U.S. pilot fires at Iraqi site, Brazil tries to curtail child labor, Russian President Yeltsin undergoes surgery, U.S. President Bill Clinton easily wins re-election, fighting stops in Goma, Zaire, NASA launches satellite to map Mars, and Zaire students storm government over refugee policy (November 4-8); Zaire's rebel leader will allow aid to reach refugees, Latin American summit begins, Evander Holyfield stuns boxing world, Latin American nations, including Cuba, commit to democracy, Saudi planes collide in mid-air, United Nations condemns U.S. Cuba policy, world food summit begins, U.S. troops in Bosnia will not be coming home soon, and violence in St. Petersburg (Russia) (November 11-15); lawsuit against Texaco ends, Russia's new spacecraft (Mars-96) falls into the ocean, CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) accuses career officer of spying for Russia, recent election makes history in Romania, United States vetoes Boutros-Ghali, Pope to visit Cuba, a possible British connection to Zaire crisis, U.S. and Chinese leaders meet, refugees head home to Rwanda, confusion over who burned 23 Christian churches in Indonesia, HUD (Housing and Urban Development) Secretary Cisneros quits Cabinet post, CIA official indicted, and astronauts realign Columbia's telescope and will launch an orbiting lab (November 18-22); hijacked Ethiopian jet crashes, U.S. President Clinton signals new policy of economic cooperation with China, APEC nations agree to cut tariffs on hi-tech telecommunications products, Serbia elections annulled, citizens of Belarus approve new constitution, baseball owners and unions agree to labor contract, and Hutus allege recent Tutsi massacre of 300 refugees (November 25-27). Descriptors: Cable Television, Class Activities, Current Events, Discussion (Teaching Technique)

Erni, Christian, Ed. (1999). The Indigenous World, 1998-99 = El Mundo Indigena, 1998-99. This annual publication examines political, legal, social, and educational issues concerning indigenous peoples around the world in 1998-99. Part I highlights news events and ongoing situations in specific countries. In North America, these include court decisions on the legal status of Alaska Native tribal governments, indigenous subsistence rights and whaling by the Inuit of Nunavut and the Makah of Washington, political developments in Nunavut and the remaining Northwest Territories, and conflicts over Native land rights in the United States. Other sections cover the Arctic, Mexico and Central America, South America, Australia and the Pacific, East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, and Africa. Issues in these regions include deteriorating economic and health conditions and educational needs in Russia's far north, conflicts over development of natural resources in indigenous territories by national and multinational companies, relationships between indigenous peoples and their national governments, intellectual property rights to traditional knowledge, indigenous educational policy in Brazil and elsewhere, language loss and cultural assimilation, and human rights violations and forced relocation. Part II examines indigenous women's issues and organizations in the Americas, Asia, and Africa. Part III includes two articles: "The UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Is Still Intact" (Andrew Gray) and "The Ad Hoc Working Group on the Establishment of a Permanent Forum for Indigenous Peoples in the UN System" (Lola Garcia-Alix). Maps and photographs are included. Descriptors: Activism, Alaska Natives, American Indians, Civil Liberties

Jesien, W. S. (1917). Secondary Agricultural Schools in Russia. Bulletin, 1917, No. 4, Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior. In a country where 80 percent of the people are engaged in farming, it is natural to expect that the agricultural schools should play an important part in the general system of education. The act of 1904 on agricultural education constitutes the basis of the organization of the agricultural schools. This act places all private schools under the supervision of the ministry of agriculture and imperial domains, providing at the same time for the maintenance of schools controlled directly by that ministry. Agricultural schools, ministerial as well as private, are exempted by the act from import duty on any books or educational material imported from abroad, and they are granted free use of mails within the Empire. The agricultural schools are divided by the act into three classes: (1) lower or primary; (2) middle or secondary; and (3) higher schools. This bulletin focuses on secondary agricultural education in Russia. A bibliography is included. (Contains 7 footnotes.) [Best copy available has been provided.]   [More]  Descriptors: Agricultural Education, Foreign Countries, Private Schools, Educational History

Cole, Robert A., Ed.; Vaillant, Janet G., Ed. (1993). Activities for Teaching Russian and Soviet Studies in the High School. Updated Edition. These teacher-developed activities help the student to gain a greater awareness of the richness of Russian history and the Soviet past. New materials have been added from the original version and much has been updated. The volume is not a full curriculum but can be integrated into existing study of the world region. The book is divided into five sections with 21 activities. Section 1, "Geography: The Natural Environment," contains: (1) "Geography of Russian and the Newly Independent States"; and (2) "Nature and People of the Former Soviet Union." Section 2, "Prerevolutionary Russia," offers: (1) "A Newspaper for Tsar Peter's Russia"; and (2) "The Frontier in Russian and American Thought." Section 3, "Literature of the Imperial Period of Russian History," includes: (1) "Turgenev's'Fathers and Sons'"; (2) "Gogol's 'The Nose'"; (3) "Gogol's 'The Overcoat'"; (4) "Chekhov's 'The Peasants'"; and (5) "Tolstoy's 'After the Ball.'" Section 4, "The Soviet Period," contains: (1) "Evaluating Sources"; (2) "Stalin's 'Short Course': Analyzing a Document"; (3) "Let History Judge: An Exploration of the Collectivization of Soviet Agriculture"; (4) "Stalin on Trial: An Instructional Resource Unit in Historical Interpretation and Moral Reasoning"; (5) "Comparing Textbook Accounts of World War II and the Cuban Missile Crisis"; (6) "The Soviet Economy"; (7) "Using Primary Source Materials: Readings from Eisenhower and Gorbachev"; (8) "Planning a Student-Generated Unit on Russia and the Newly Independent States"; (9) "Russian-American Self-Images: A Critical Thinking Unit"; and (10)"On to Mars Together?" Section 5, "Literature of the Soviet Period," includes: (1) "Babel's 'In the Basement'"; and (2) "Solzhenitsyn's 'Matryona's Home.'" Descriptors: Area Studies, Foreign Countries, Geography, Global Education

Close Up Foundation, Arlington, VA. (1996). Current Issues: Critical Issues Confronting the Nation and the World. 1997 Edition [and] Teacher's Guide. This student text and teacher's guide feature current events and policy issues that are in discussion today. The books offer background on 20 important domestic and foreign policy issues and present arguments from both sides of key issues. The books are divided into three sections. Section 1, "The Federal Government," contains: (1) "The Clinton Administration"; (2) "The Congress"; and (3) "The Supreme Court." Section 2, "Domestic Policy Issues," includes: (1) "The Budget Deficit"; (2) "Constitutional Rights"; (3) "Crime and Drugs"; (4) "The Economy"; (5) "Education"; (6) "The Environment"; (7) "Health Care"; (8) "Immigration"; (9) "Poverty"; and (10) "Women and Minorities." Section 3, "Foreign Policy Issues," contains: (1) "Defense"; (2) "Democracy and Human Rights"; (3)"International Trade"; (4) "Nuclear Proliferation"; (5) "World Poverty and U.S. Foreign Aid"; (6) "East Asia"; (7) "Europe"; (8) "Latin America"; (9) "The Middle East"; and (10) "Russia." Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Controversial Issues (Course Content), Current Events, Foreign Policy

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